On the coast of East Africa, cooled by the trade winds, lies Tanzania’s capital city of Dar es Salaam, or “Dar” as it is called. Arabic for “Haven of Peace”, its economy is reflected in the sea craft crowding its harbour. Here, traditional wooden dhows glide between ferries, cruise liners and cargo ships. Trade in Dar revolves around the sea, as it has for centuries. The business district fans out from the harbour in an architectural tiara reflecting the African, Arabic, Indian, British and German influences on the city’s present and past.
Tanzania and its islands speak of the region’s rich history, including the legendary Spice Island of Zanzibar. From ancient times, cloves, peppers, cinnamon, ginger and nutmeg from India, Indonesia and Malaysia were brought to Zanzibar by wooden dhows sailing the monsoon winds.
The first Sultan of Zanzibar who governed here from the early 18th century realised the potential of spice farming here and transformed it into a spice island. Zanzibar during this era was the centre of overseas commerce on the East African coast. Merchant ships from Europe and America came here to trade in the great markets, where they picked up cargoes of copal, coconuts, spices, red pepper, ivory, hides, tortoise-shell, ambergris, beeswax, hippopotamus teeth, rhinoceros horn and cowrie shells and slaves.
The slave trade was eventually abolished and wildlife conservation areas declared, which is why Tanzania today is home to some of the greatest wildlife populations in Africa, with the Serengeti and Ngorongoro Crater in northern Tanzania and Africa’s largest wildlife Reserve, the Selous Game Reserve, in southern Tanzania.
If you would like to visit Zanzibar, the wildlife reserves or other parts of Tanzania, we can help you arrange this.
For more information about Tanzania, and how to get here, visit the following websites:
Dar es Salaam International Airport (Julius Nyerere)
Johannesburg International Airport (O.R. Tambo)
Mafia Island Marine Park